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  • one year ago

What was the main cause of the Islamic world's hardships during the thirteenth century? A. western Europeans invading Muslim lands B. Mongol tribes invading Muslim lands C. dissension between rival factions of Islam D. famine and diseases introduced from Africa

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  1. anonymous
    • one year ago
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    The Mongols...! They decimated the major Islamic nations in the near and middle east, sacked Baghdad and destroyed the cisterns and irrigation networks that had made this region fertile. The Crusaders were a minor problem in comparison...

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