With which of the Enlightenment thinkers do you most agree regarding the way the ideal government should work?
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Plato (b. 428 BC)
In his work The Republic, Plato describes his ideal form of government and society.
Plato attacked democracy as mob rule where the ignorant and uneducated majority governs, but he also disliked autocracy as being too likely to become tyranny. Plato believed that the best government would be ruled by philosopher-kings, the most educated and smartest people in society. These kings would NOT be hereditary, but would be chosen by the people based on their individual talent. There would also be a careful division of labor so that the rulers would not be warriors or workers and vice-versa. Plato argued that the state exists based on the consent of the people and should act for their good, but in the end the people's primary duty is obedience
"There is nothing which I dread so much as a division of the republic into two great parties, each arranged under its leader, and concerting measures in opposition to each other. This, in my humble apprehension, is to be dreaded as the greatest political evil under our Constitution."
"I see in the near future a crisis approaching that unnerves me and causes me to tremble for the safety of my country. As a result of war corporations have been enthroned and an era of corruption in high places will follow, and the money power of the country will endeavor to prolong its reign by working upon the prejudices of the people until all wealth is aggregated in a few hands and the Republic is destroyed. God grant my suspicions prove groundless"
These were more so warnings on what Government could become if taken the wrong direction. Its too bad no one listened.