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-Social classes. Within Greece, the social class was divided into slaves, freedmen, metics, citizens and women, while within Rome the social class was seperated as slaves, freedmen, plebeians and patricians.
-Women. Women were considered citizens within Rome while they were not within Greece.
-Households. While the heir to the household within Greece was the son of the father, the Paterfamilias was the head of the family within Rome.
-Agriculture. Within Greece, the society lived upon small wheat farms and used poor agricultural practices while Romans typically grew olives and wine, using more advanced techniques.
-Geography. Both Greece and Rome were Mediterranean countries.
-Slavery. Both countries prohibited slavery and were the only countries to do so within their time.
-Religion. Greece and Rome were both large practitioners of Polytheism and devoted much to their Gods, mainly through art work and architecture.