Complex analysis hard problem. Please, help

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Complex analysis hard problem. Please, help

Mathematics
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In the previous part, we have the series converges with the radius of convergence is R =1. But I don't know how to attack this problem.
\(\sum_{n =1}^\infty \dfrac{z^{n^2}}{n}=\sum_{n=1}^N \dfrac{z^{n^2}}{n}+\sum_{n=N+1}^\infty \dfrac{z^{n^2}}{n}\)

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I believe that in the Gauss sums, we have an "i" on the exponent. That is \(\sum e^{2i\pi n^2/N}\). If it is so, we can see the link between them. Like if \(z = e^{2i\pi /N}\) then \(z^{n^2} = e^{2 i \pi n^2/N}\) which is the summand of the Gauss sums.
there is a typo in the Gauss sums, it is indeed \(e^{2\pi in^2/N}\)
in this case, it's obvious that the only one of those expressions with a finite limit as \(N\to\infty\) as the case where \(N\equiv 2\)
the point they're trying to make is that this lacunary series converges on only part of the unit circle
Please, guide me more, on the Gauss sums, it doesn't have /n there, only \(z^{n^2}\), how to link them?
consider that $$\begin{align*}\sum_{n=kN+1}^{(k+1)N} e^{2\pi in^2/N}&=\sum_{n=1}^N e^{2\pi i(n+kN)^2/N}\\&=\sum_{n=1}^N e^{2\pi i(n^2+k^2N^2+2nkN)/N}\\&=\sum_{n=1}^N e^{2\pi in^2/N}\cdot e^{2\pi i(k^2N+2nk)}\\&=\sum_{n=1}^Ne^{2\pi in^2/N}\end{align*}$$so we can rewrite our infinite sum thusly: $$\sum_{n=0}^\infty\frac{e^{2\pi in^2/N}}n=\sum_{k=0}^\infty\sum_{n=kN+1}^{(k+1)N}\frac{e^{2\pi in^2/N}}n$$ and consider that we can bound this like so: $$\sum_{n=kN+1}^{(k+1)N}\frac{e^{2\pi in^2/N}}n\ge\frac1{(k+1)N}\sum_{n=kN+1}^{(k+1)N}e^{2\pi in^2/N}$$and substituting our simplified expression for the sums on \(kN+1,\dots,(k+1)N\) we see: $$\sum_{n=kN+1}^{(k+1)N}\frac{e^{2\pi in^2/N}}n\ge\frac1{(k+1)N}\sum_{n=1}^Ne^{2\pi in^2/N}$$ now suppose \(\sum\limits_{n=1}^Ne^{2\pi in^2/N}=a\sqrt{N}\) for some constant \(a\). we see: $$\sum_{n=kN+1}^{(k+1)N}\frac{e^{2\pi in^2/N}}n\ge\frac{a}{(k+1)\sqrt{N}}$$ and so it follows that $$\sum_{n=1}^\infty\frac{e^{2\pi in^2/N}}n>\frac{a}{\sqrt{N}} \sum_{k=0}^\infty\frac1{k+1}$$ clearly the term on the right, being the harmonic series, will diverge if \(a\) is nonzero, and it will only converge in the case that \(a\) *is* zero. now recall that \(a=0\) iff \(N\equiv2\pmod 4\), so we're done.
oops, that should be \(\ge\) but you see what i'm saying
Wow!! Thank you so much. I need time to digest it.

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