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frank0520
 one year ago
Let w be a positive real number. Find the kernel of D^2 + w^2 I
frank0520
 one year ago
Let w be a positive real number. Find the kernel of D^2 + w^2 I

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anonymous
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0is \(D^2\) the second derivative operator?

anonymous
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0in that case, consider: $$D^2+w^2I=(DiwI)(D+iwI)$$ and the kernels of these are spanned simply by \(e^{\pm iwt}\). the kernel of \(D^2+w^2I\) is then simply $$\operatorname{span}\{e^{iwt},e^{iwt}\}=\{c_1e^{iwt}+c_2e^{iwt}:c_1,c_2\in\mathbb{R}\}$$

anonymous
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0i guess that should be \(c_1,c_2\in\mathbb{C}\) actually

anonymous
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0using Euler's formula \(e^{iwt}=\cos(wt)+i\sin(wt)\) we find that \(\cos(wt),\sin(wt)\) are another perfectly suitable basis for the kernel and so we could also write our kernel as consisting of complex linear combinations \(c_1\cos(wt)+c_2\sin(wt)\) as well

frank0520
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0@oldrin.bataku here is a picture if it makes any difference.

anonymous
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0okay, so D is a differential operator, and the work I wrote above is correct

anonymous
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0the kernel of \(D^2+\omega^2I\) is the solution space to the following idfferential equation: $$(D^2+\omega^2I)y=0\\\frac{d^2y}{dt^2}+\omega^2y=0\\\implies y(t)=c_1\cos(\omega t)+c_2\sin(\omega t)$$ which is what I wrote above

anonymous
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0to find the image of \(D\lambda I\), consider we get every possible inhomogeneous part \(f(t)\) to the equation $$\frac{dy}{dt}\lambda y=f(t)$$ which seems to be more or less the entire function space we're looking at

frank0520
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0@oldrin.bataku thanks for the help!
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