Which of these scientists is best known for his idea that characteristics an individual gains in its lifetime could be passed on to future generations, eventually leading to the creation of new species
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Gregor Mendel was an Austrian scientist and Augustinian friar who gained posthumous fame as the founder of the new science of genetics. Mendel demonstrated that the inheritance of certain traits in pea plants follows particular patterns, now referred to as the laws of Mendelian inheritance. Although the significance of Mendel's work was not recognized until the turn of the 20th century, the independent rediscovery of these laws formed the foundation of the modern science of genetics.
Hope this helped, sorry for a late response
that was Lamarck actually. I dont remember his first name