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In multicellular organisms, cell
division functions in growth, repair,
and development. But in unicellular
organisms, each cell is itself an organism.
Unicellular organisms, like this paramecium, also undergo
cell division.What are some possible results of cell division
in unicellular organisms? How might they compare with
the results of cell division in multicellular organisms?
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Prokaryotes that are unicellular organisms divide by a process called binary fission, which is where the simple prokaryotic splits itself in two separate pieces by dividing its cytoplasm in two. If it is a eukaryotic organism, then they will split by a process called mitosis, which is where they double the amount of chromosomes in their nucleus and go through specific phases within the nucleus to do so. After the chromosomes have been copied and split during a phase called anaphase, the cell splits itself in two, resulting in cytokinesis, which is the word to describe the finished product of one main cell to split into two, separate daughter cells.
Mitosis and cytokinesis are the processes by which cells divide.
In multicellular organisms, the daughter cells that arise from these
processes are separate cells but do not live independent lives.
For example, new skin cells are part of skin tissue and cannot live
independently. In multicellular organisms, mitosis and cytokinesis
are not considered methods by which an organism reproduces.
Most unicellular organisms, and a few multicellular organisms,
use cell division to reproduce, in a process called asexual reproduction.
In one organism produces one or more new
organisms that are identical to itself and that live independently of
it. The organism that produces the new organism or organisms is the
parent. Each new organism is an offspring. The offspring produced
by asexual reproduction are genetically identical to their parents