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Prophet Muhammad (570 AD – 632 AD) founded Islam. His main aim was to establish belief in one God. He was born in 570 AD in Mecca in Arabia. He had his first revelation that he is the messenger of God in 610 AD. He fled to Medina when the authorities in Mecca became hostile towards him. This particular time is called ‘Hijira’ and with this, the Mohammedan Era began. In 632 AD, Prophet Muhammad discarded his worldly existence. The teachings of Muhammad are written in the sacred scripture called the ‘Quran’ (Koran). The Prophet preached about one God in the world and a sense of brotherhood. He opposed idol worship. The emphasis on a life of virtue and benevolence makes Islam one of the greatest humanitarian religions of the world.
Islam is a religion founded and based on faith in one supreme God, Allah. Every follower of Islam believes in this central doctrine and in Prophet Muhammad being the last messenger of God. The Quran, the holy book of the religion is a compilation of all of God's revelations to the Prophet. God revealed his message to the Prophet Muhammad through the archangel Gabriel, about the onenness of God, how to worship him, and the perfected way of life. Therefore the Quran is considered the unchanged word of God and the constitution and the guide for Muslims in this life.