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Generally speaking, an alcohol is anything that has the general formula ROH |dw:1446678479353:dw| take look at the figures above. alcohol can be classified by how many substitutents are on the carbon/atom the OH is is connected to.
as in the number of different substituents.
you mean COH?
The structures are the stick structures?
I didnt explain what that was
R is just a general abbreviation that could mean any group or generally the rest of the molecule that the OH is attached to.
So the structure is the stick figures? I ask this because I am not sure my instructor wants to present this with the limited tool available on MC.
it's been a while but I guess I drew you the line structures. the circles were to just indicate the number of groups to show that they were primary secondary and tertiary alcohols.
So that should answer the second part "Write the structure of two specific alcohols?
does he want like the condensed line form like the one I drew above?
there is no way to draw the structure. So I am a little confused what she wants. I may just note that I can't draw the structure but write the names down primary, secondary, etc.
Predict the order of boiling points of the substances CH4, SiCl4, SiH4, GeCl4, and GeBr4
this is my last question then I need to break for class
boiling point has to do with intermolecular forces. CH4 intermolecular forces are very weak probably LDF London dispersion forces so that's going to have the smallest boiling point. Silicon and Germanium are in the same group so they will have similar types of IMF and bonding, and chemical properties. hydrogen bonding only occurs when hydrogen is bonded to F, O, or N. so the only thing we have I guess to distinguish these is the molecular weight another factor that may affect boiling point. so I organized these based off of the molecular weight since they are in the same group their IMF probably would be the same. CH4< SIH4< SiCl4
that's my best guess
That is correct, thanks!