lovepeacelol
  • lovepeacelol
Why is the OSI set up in layers?
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  • Stacey Warren - Expert brainly.com
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schrodinger
  • schrodinger
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hartnn
  • hartnn
One of the logical reasons for any model to be broken into layers is to distribute the complexity! We have a complex task to do, instead of one layer doing all the complex stuff, we divide the task into smaller easy bits and give it to each layer. This reduction in task complexity also makes the implementation easier :)
hartnn
  • hartnn
Also, one layer need to interact with its below and above layer only, and need not worry about peer communication. please use http://openstudy.com/study#/groups/Computer%20Science section for your further queries on Computer science.
hartnn
  • hartnn
for your reference, more detailed answer is at http://computernetworkingnotes.com/osi-layer-modals/advantage-of-osi-layer.html

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Smartyprincess
  • Smartyprincess
The Open System Interconnection (OSI) model defines a networking framework to implement protocols in seven layers. Control is passed from one layer to the next, starting at the application layer in one station, and proceeding to the bottom layer, over the channel to the next station and back up the hierarchy. There is really nothing to the OSI model. In fact, it's not even tangible. The OSI model doesn't perform any functions in the networking process. It is a conceptual framework so we can better understand complex interactions that are happening. The OSI model takes the task of internetworking and divides that up into what is referred to as a vertical stack that consists of the following layers.
Smartyprincess
  • Smartyprincess
Physical (Layer 1) This layer conveys the bit stream - electrical impulse, light or radio signal — through the network at the electrical and mechanical level. It provides the hardware means of sending and receiving data on a carrier, including defining cables, cards and physical aspects. Fast Ethernet, RS232, and ATM are protocols with physical layer components.
Smartyprincess
  • Smartyprincess
Data Link (Layer 2) At this layer, data packets are encoded and decoded into bits. It furnishes transmission protocol knowledge and management and handles errors in the physical layer, flow control and frame synchronization. The data link layer is divided into two sub layers: The Media Access Control (MAC) layer and the Logical Link Control (LLC) layer. The MAC sub layer controls how a computer on the network gains access to the data and permission to transmit it. The LLC layer controls frame synchronization, flow control and error checking.
Smartyprincess
  • Smartyprincess
Network (Layer 3) This layer provides switching and routing technologies, creating logical paths, known as virtual circuits, for transmitting data from node to node. Routing and forwarding are functions of this layer, as well as addressing, internetworking, error handling, congestion control and packet sequencing.
Smartyprincess
  • Smartyprincess
Transport (Layer 4) This layer provides transparent transfer of data between end systems, or hosts, and is responsible for end-to-end error recovery and flow control. It ensures complete data transfer.
Smartyprincess
  • Smartyprincess
Session (Layer 5) This layer establishes, manages and terminates connections between applications. The session layer sets up, coordinates, and terminates conversations, exchanges, and dialogues between the applications at each end. It deals with session and connection coordination.
Smartyprincess
  • Smartyprincess
Presentation (Layer 6) This layer provides independence from differences in data representation (e.g., encryption) by translating from application to network format, and vice versa. The presentation layer works to transform data into the form that the application layer can accept. This layer formats and encrypts data to be sent across a network, providing freedom from compatibility problems. It is sometimes called the syntax layer.
Smartyprincess
  • Smartyprincess
Application (Layer 7) This layer supports application and end-user processes. Communication partners are identified, quality of service is identified, user authentication and privacy are considered, and any constraints on data syntax are identified. Everything at this layer is application-specific. This layer provides application services for file transfers, e-mail, and other network software services. Telnet and FTP are applications that exist entirely in the application level. Tiered application architectures are part of this layer.

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