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I am not taking it, but I may be able to help you with your question.
"All the nations of the Franks trembled at that terrible army, and they betook them to their king Caldus (Charles Martel), and told him of the havoc made by the Moslem horsemen, and bow they rode at their will through all the land of Narbonne, Toulouse, and Bordeaux, and they told the king of the death of their count." - Anon Arab Chronicler This passage is discussing the Battle of Corboda the Battle of Poitiers the Mamluk overthrowing of the Abbasids the invasion of the Byzantine Roman Empire I think it's D but i'm not sure.
(B) the Battle of Poitiers, or as it's also known, the Battle of Tours The others don't fit the excerpt. There was really no single "Battle of Cordoba" aside from its long decline in the centuries following the Battle of Poitiers, its place in history during the Reconquista, etc. -- and Charles Martel was long dead by then. The Mameluk overthrow the Abbasids did not impact Muslim Spain as it occurred within the region of the Middle East on the opposite side of the Mediterranean. And Muslim Spain owed more to the rise of the Umayyads who survived the Abbasid overthrow in the Middle East years earlier, so there's really no connection there. And (D) is just inherently wrong. The Byzantines did not engage the Franks in a direct invasion. Mentions of "Moslem horsemen" should also be a tip off that it had nothing to do with the Byzantines or their themes.
I am pretty sure it is B.
Yeah that was what I was going to say...
I'm really bad at history .__. but thank you so much for explaining why :)
I have two more questions. Can anyone help?
I will try go ahead.
Which of the following best describes how European powers responded to Islamic expansion? Europeans sought to convert the Arab people to Christianity to counteract Islamic influence. Europeans were desperate to get to China before the Chinese were converted to Islam. Europeans viewed the spread of Islam as a threat and actively worked to stop it. Europeans cut off all trade with the Islamic Empire.
"Andalus (the Iberian peninsula), which was conquered in the year 92 of the Hijra, continued for many years to be a dependency of the Eastern Khalifate, until it was snatched away from their hands by one of the surviving members of the family of Umeyyah (Umayyad), who, crossing over from Barbary, subdued the country, and formed therein an independent kingdom, which he transmitted to his posterity. During three centuries and a half, Andalus, governed by the princes of this dynasty, reached the utmost degree of power and prosperity, until civil war breaking out among its inhabitants, the Muslims, weakened by internal discord, became every where the prey of the artful Christians, and the territory of Islam was considerably reduced, so much so that at the present moment the worshippers of the crucified hold the greatest part of Andalus in their hands, and their country is divided into various powerful kingdoms, whose rulers assist each other whenever the Muslims attack their territories." -Ibn Said, Book of the Maghrib, in Ahmed ibm Mohammed al-Makkari, The History of the Mohammedan Dynasties in Spain, translated by Pascuual de Gayangos s, (London: Oriental Translation Fund, 1840), 1, 95-102 According to this source, why did Muslim al-Andalus fall? It fell because the Umayyads lost their hold on the Arab Empire. It fell because the divisions within the empire made it vulnerable to attack. It fell because of the superior military forces of the Christian Crusaders. It fell because Muslims from the Eastern Khalifate conquered its lands.
nevermind I figured it out :)